Beginning in 1935, racial tensions and anti-Jewish sentiment began to explode into actual acts of violence against the Jews and other ethnic minorities.Roncalli started using his influence to save what people he could from the depredation of both local authorities and later the Nazis.
The offer, although declined, was popular in both countries.
In the wake of the news, John XXIII was the first pope to be honored as the Time Magazine Man of the Year.
At the same time he assumed his new title, Roncalli became the Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca.
He assumed his new responsibilities on March 15, 1953.
It was originally expected that Pope John XXIII would only serve a short time before passing away and that he would make no significant changes to Church practice.
However, Pope John XXIII was a man of great mercy and kindness and much like Pope Francis of today, he did many things that created sensation in the streets and pews.This time he was sent to Bulgaria as the Apostolic Visitor to that country.Later, he was appointed aspostolic delegate to Turkey and Greece and made archbishop of Mesembria.He was ordained a priest thereafter and soon met Pope Pius X in Rome.By the following year, 1905, Roncalli was appointed to act as secretary for his bishop, Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi.Free to serve the Church in new capacities he was appointed to be the Italian president of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, handpicked by Pope Benedict XV.